Inside the reroofed Kiva, one gets a deep sense of the protection, comfort and sacredness of space.
The ladder goes up through the smoke hole, and the dark rectangular opening behind the ladder in this pic is the ventilation opening. It draws in fresh air from above which is dissipated by striking the low wall between the ladder and the opening, and the smoke is drawn up through the ladder hole.
Like ancient peoples everywhere who used what was available, the Ancestral Puebloans sculpted an interdependent living from the canyons, mesas, trees and rocks.
A trio of Manos and Matates. The Matate is the long stone upon which the grain is ground. The Mano is the grinder.